Sunday November 25 "Honor" Pastor Wood
Text: Ephesians 6:1–9 (ESV)
- Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. 2 “Honor your father and mother” (this is the first commandment with a promise), 3 “that it may go well with you and that you may live long in the land.”
- 4 Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.
III.5 Bondservants, obey your earthly masters with fear and trembling, with a sincere heart, as you would Christ, 6 not by the way of eye-service, as people-pleasers, but as bondservants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart, 7 rendering service with a good will as to the Lord and not to man, 8 knowing that whatever good anyone does, this he will receive back from the Lord, whether he is a bondservant or is free.
- 9 Masters, do the same to them, and stop your threatening, knowing that he who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and that there is no partiality with him.
Parents, children, masters and servants 6:1–9
Paul now passes in his Haustafeln from the reciprocal duties of husbands and wives to those of parents and children. As he does so, it is immediately noteworthy that he thinks of the local congregation as a ‘church family’, consisting of both sexes and of all ages. Since he addresses the children in this paragraph as well as their parents, he evidently expects whole families to come together for public worship not only to praise God but also to listen to his Word
1. The duty of children (verses 1–3)
Children, obey your parents … Here is another example of that general submissiveness which according to 5:21 is expected of all members of God’s new society. But this time the requirement is stronger, namely obedience
2. The duty of parents (verse 4)
The instruction to children to obey their parents presupposes, as we have seen, the fact of parental authority. Yet when Paul outlines how parents should behave towards their children, it is not the exercise, but the restraint, of their authority which he urges upon them.
The picture he paints of fathers as self-controlled, gentle, patient educators of their children is in stark contrast to the norm of his own day.
Negatively, they are told: Do not provoke your children to anger (verse 4), or ‘do not exasperate your children’ (niv) or ‘goad your children to resentment’ (neb). Paul recognizes how delicate a child’s personality is.
3. The duty of slaves (verses 5–8)
Slavery seems to have been universal in the ancient world. A high percentage of the population were slaves. They constituted the work force, and included not only domestic servants and manual labourers but educated people as well, like doctors, teachers and administrators.
4. The duty of masters (verse 9)
First, do the same to them. That is, if you hope to receive respect, show it; if you hope to receive service, give it.
Secondly, forbear threatening As parents are not to provoke their children, so masters are not to threaten their slaves.
Thirdly, the reason for these requirements is their knowing that Jesus Christ is master of both slave and slave-owner, and that there is no partiality with him
Holman Bible Handbook
5:22–6:9 New Relationships
Paul now applied his teaching to particular life relationships. Wise believers filled with the Spirit who mutually submit one to another are to live out these truths in household relationships. Three relationships are addressed: wives and husbands, children and parents, servants and masters. In each of these relationships the first partner is exhorted to be submissive or obedient (5:22; 6:1, 5). The second person in the relationship shows submissiveness by Christlike love (5:25) and concerned care (6:4, 9). All relate to one another as service to the Lord. All concerned experience personal worth, value, security, and significance when these reciprocal relationships are exercised under the lordship of Christ.